In keeping with the conference theme of revolution, this panel will consider one of the necessary preconditions for revolution: opposition. The idea of opposition is central to the concept of Modernism because Modernism is so often characterized as uniting antithetical notions. To offer only a few examples, Modernism is regularly described as being old and new, objective and subjective, timely and timeless, conservative and progressive, coherent and fragmented. This panel will explore the oppositions inherent in the notion of Modernism by examining Modernist works that represent and dramatize those oppositions. The depiction of the opposition may be carried out through character, narrative, image or allusion.