11th Literature in English Symposium: Poetry and Beyond with Muldoon and Hayes
"I am with Raleigh, near the Atlantic" writes Paul Muldoon in "Promises, Promises" from the volume Why Brownlee Left ( ). Even though Plato wanted to banish poets from the (ideal?) Republic, poets and poetry have remained part of the social life. After all, the Romantics believed in the inborn superiority of literature as a mode of knowledge and judgment. Literature and not history or philosophy carried the meaning of life. Victorians placed a poet not above but within his/her community thereby asserting his or her social utility.