I am proposing an edited collection on the issue of intellectual work and
certification in American fiction 1865-1910. Many realist writers of the
late nineteenth and early twentieth century were preoccupied with the value
of intellectual work, especially the profession of writing. This
preoccupation could be due to university reform which emphasized a more
practical education as opposed to the pre-Civil War moral education.
Essays in the collection should focus on the way "the culture of
professionalism" functions in the novels of the period.