CFP: [Travel] Routes and Roots: Identity and Intercultural Exchange in Travel and Tourism

full name / name of organization: 
Anthony David Barker
contact email: 

The price of oil fluctuates dramatically, airlines merge, travel agencies
go bankrupt and our carbon footprints deepens, but the hope remains that
people will be as addicted as ever to foreign travel. And countries like
Portugal, for whom tourism is the biggest driver of the economy, have to
believe that this continues through what promises to be a difficult next
few years. In a European context, more and more citizens of this continent
are crossing one another’s frontiers, tourist travel often being a prelude
to a longer and deeper acquaintance with the visited country. How many
trips result in people living, working and retiring abroad? Life-long
friendships and intermarriage have often been the consequence of
speculative journeys of this kind. We propose to take a multidisciplinary
approach to investigating the ways in which travel (as it is famed to do)
has broadened the mind, widened horizons and created new opportunities,
for both travellers and hosts. Conversely, we are also interested in
research into occasions when conflict has occurred and contexts where
misunderstanding all too frequently breaks out.

We see the proposed gathering of scholars and tourism professionals as
taking the form of 5 possible subsections, addressing issues in
intercultural communication, identity formation, representations of the
tourist/traveller, the business side of tourism and patterns of leisure
1. Communicating in Tourist Contexts

How is communication currently understood in the context of tourism, and
how may it be described linguistically and culturally? What global and/or
local communication strategies do we see developing in the near future?
Does linguistic and cultural interchange keep pace with, and shape,
evolving host and visitor relations, forms of travel and travel
experiences? This section invites papers on the ways in which
intercultural communication is mediated through artefacts, encounters, the
internet and translation.

2. Travelling Identities

Taking the stories and adventures of the individual to be at the heart of
the tourist experience, we invite contributions on the impact of this
experience on the traveller’s perception and (re)construction of self and
other. In addition, in this age of mass tourism, the individual is often
taken to represent a collective cultural identity, being hosted as such
and expected to display shared and typical behaviours attributed to his or
her culture of origin. We are thus also interested in the interaction
between host and tourist cultural identities, understood collectively, and
the exchange and dialogue which results from their encounter. Or not …
since it is equally important to explore the processes whereby tourists
take their identities with them when they travel and transpose their
everyday lives to new spaces, leaving host and tourist culture ‘in tact’.

3. Representations of Tourist Experience

In addition, we are interested in the way travel and tourism have been
depicted in the arts. The exhilaration of the foreign, the disorientation
of strangeness, the challenge of what is different, instances of valuable
cultural exchange recorded, the re-evaluation of ‘home’, all these things
have been variously represented in literature, music and the visual arts.
This section invites papers on the influence of ‘abroad’ on artist’s
creativity, and its presence in their work.

4. Tourism-biz.

Tourism is a business, large-scale or small, which has multiple effects on
the socio-economic standing of host communities. Successful tourism
ventures are carefully planned for within the host community, and often
for specific visitor types. Such planning may involve local investment and
development, educational training and re-training initiatives and the
construction and dissemination of a destination image. How do these
undertakings affect the local community and how do the essentially
commercial elements of the tourism business combine to create a desirable
effect on the visitor? This section invites papers on the contributions
and challenges the tourism business brings to communities as well as the
role of marketing, advertising and public relations in creating the
tourist experience.

5. Conceptualizing the Holiday

We could hardly debate the topic of tourism without considering the
pleasure principle. Their holidays are, for many people, the central
events in their working year. The ways people travel and the patterns of
their holiday behaviour have been changing since the explosion of mass
tourism in the 1960s. For example, airports used to be relaxed places of
shopping, now they are tense potential trouble-spots, heavy with
restrictions. The information superhighway makes knowledge of destinations
ever more available and planning and paying ever more direct and
instantaneous. Even the humble pack of 40 holiday snaps has transformed
into a chip or disc bearing 400 photos, digitally available to all. We
therefore invite contributions on the sociology and psychology of


It is proposed therefore to hold a two-day conference on “Routes and
Roots”: Identity and Intercultural Exchange in Travel and Tourism” at the
Department of Languages and Cultures, University of Aveiro, Portugal on
the 25th and 26th of June 2009 and we accordingly invite abstracts
(maximum of 250 words) for papers of up to 20 minutes duration in any of
the areas mentioned above, to be received before 15th March 2009. Papers
(and abstracts) must be presented in either English or Portuguese;
notification of acceptance will be made by the end of April 2009. The
names of keynote speakers will be announced presently.

Contact:Anthony Barker, Gillian Moreira, Timothy Oswald,
        Department of Languages and Cultures,
        University of Aveiro,
        3810-193 Aveiro,

E-mail: ; ;
Dept. fax: 00 351 234 370940
Dept. tel: 00 351 234 370358
Dept. e-mail:

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Received on Wed Dec 10 2008 - 09:29:01 EST