Women as the Fourth Estate in Medieval Literature
Shulamith Shahar, in her book The Fourth Estate, describes women as outside the masculine triptych of people who work, fight, and pray. CT Review is looking for academic papers on the works of Langland, Chaucer, and/or Kempe that explore the idea that women are the fourth estate. What roles are assigned to them, and how do they cope with or rebel against these standards imposed upon them in a highly patriarchal society? What changes may have occurred in society as a result?
Connecticut Review is a semi-annual journal published since 1967 under the auspices of the Board of Trustees for the Connecticut State University. Connecticut Review invites submission of poetry, literary plays, short fiction, translations, creative nonfiction, essays, interviews, and academic articles of general interest.
• Work should be 2,000 to 4,000 words.
• Submit two copies of each piece.
• The first page of each poem, story, essay or other should include the name, address, phone number, and email address in the upper left corner.
• Poets should submit no more than five poems.
• Translated work must be accompanied by appropriate written permissions from author or publisher.
• Typed manuscripts should be on 8.5 x 11 paper in MLA style when appropriate.
• Color photography and color artwork should be submitted as slides or transparencies. The title, date of composition, size of original, medium, and name and address of the artist should be indicated. Black and white photography and art work should be labeled in the same way. Work with vertical orientation is preferred and should be indicated.
• Each submission must be accompanied by a brief autobiographical statement.
• Send SASE for reply only. Manuscripts will be recycled. Mail without a return address on the outside envelope will not be opened.
• The reading period for Connecticut Review is 1 September through 31 May.
Send all submissions labeled by genre to:
Meredith Clermont-Ferrand, Senior Editor
CSU System Office
39 Woodland Street
Hartford CT 06105-2337