1212 Remembered: The 800th Anniversary of Las Navas de Tolosa -- 47th International Medieval Congress, Kalamazoo, MI. May 10-13,
2012 marks the 800th anniversary of the Battle of Navas de Tolosa (Battle of Al-Uqab in Arabic), one of the most important military confrontations between Muslims and Christians in medieval Iberia. Responding to a call from Pope Innocent III for a crusade against the Almohads, in the summer of 1212 armies from Castile, Navarre, Aragon and Portugal, along with troops from beyond the Pyrenees, formed a temporary alliance to battle the forces of Almohad caliph Mohammad al-Nasir from southern Iberia and north Africa. The defeat of the Almohad army on July 16, 1212 marked the end of the Almohad domination of southern Iberia and the beginning of the Castilian conquest of most of Andalusia, which would take place over the next 40 years and would ultimately lead to Castilian hegemony in Iberia. This panel invites papers on the history, historiography, literature, art, or monumental commemoration of the battle. Papers that challenge or re-examine the concept of reconquista, or Muslim perspectives of the battle are especially welcome.