'Unplanned Wildernesses': Narrating the British Slum 1844-1951 - University of Warwick - 19th May 2012
In 1844 Friedrich Engels described the slums of Manchester as 'unplanned wildernesses'; stating that no 'human being would willingly inhabit such dens' (The Condition of the Working Class in England). This emphasis on the bewildering experience of the slum – the 'maze of lanes, blind alleys and back passages' – as well as the slum's contaminating presence in the Victorian city, is part of a wider dialogue concerning working-class neighbourhoods throughout the nineteenth century that incorporated the writings of such figures as Charles Dickens and the sociologist Charles Booth. These narratives of disgust and horror but also excitement and attraction maintained a significant effect on the depiction and treatment of the slum well into the twentieth century.
'Unplanned Wildernesses': Narrating the British Slum 1844 – 1951 invites papers from a range of disciplines to address the changing and multiple narrative of the slum from the period between the German publication of Friedrich Engels' The Condition of the Working Class in England (1844) and the election of Winston Churchill's Conservative government in 1951 when thereafter Britain's remaining slums were cleared for high rise council flats. Questions to be considered will include, what do representations of the slum reveal about constructions of class, gender and race? How did public health policy transform our understanding of this space and the lives of its inhabitants? How do we understand the relationship between visitors and residents of the slum?
Papers that address an aspect of Britain's slum life and culture between 1844 and 1951 are welcome. This enables a diverse account of the British slum that involves major industrial cities such as Manchester, and Glasgow, as well as smaller locations such as Coventry. It will also allow for a comparative discussion of London and its East End, which has arguably come to dominate our understanding of nineteenth and twentieth century slum life.
Contributions may address, but are not confined to:
- The slum and its visitors: nineteenth-century 'slummers', social workers, journalists and investigators
- The slum and public health
- The slum clearances
- Family life in the slum
- Women and the slum
- The literary slum: novels, theatre, poetry
- The slum and crime
- The slum and the Other
- Mapping the slum
- Working class slum narratives
Professor Seth Koven (Rutgers University)
Postgraduate and early career researchers are especially invited to submit proposals for 15-20 minute papers to Gabrielle Mearns - firstname.lastname@example.org no later than 9th January 2012. Abstracts should be approximately 250 words.