The Differences of Thinking Mode between Chinese and Western Hermeneutics

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Deng Xinhua/Department of Chinese, China Three Gorges University, Yi Chang, P. R. China, 44302
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There is an obvious binary opposition between subjectivity and objectivity in the thinking mode of western hermeneutics. If we think that writer's intention and reader's interpretation are same importance, and we will find that almost various western hermeneutics always centers on texts and interpreters. Hans-Georg Gadamer and Eric Donald Hirsch are the typical representatives of the theoretical tendencies. Yi-yi-ni-zhi(以意逆志)and Shi-wu-da-gu(诗无达诂)contain dialectical spirit which is basic principle of ancient Chinese hermeneutics. Yi-yi-ni-zhi means that reader infers writer's original intention from his own experiences, and Shi-wu-da-gu means the poem cannot be elucidated totally. Yi-yi-ni-zhi emphasizes on objectivity, because it targets to rebuilt writer's intension. Shi-wu-da-gu stress on subjectivity, because it asserts that reader participate in to construct artworks. They are quite different from the western hermeneutic. We can find a way to solve the problem of binary opposition from Ancient Chinese hermeneutic.