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Justice: Theory and Applications (July 1 - July 12, 2013)
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CEU Summer University
Central European University, Budapest announces its international postgraduate summer course on "Justice: Theory and Applications" (July 1 - July 12, 2013) for graduate students and junior researchers and faculty preferably in humanities.
Detailed course information: http://www.summer.ceu.hu/justice-2013
Andres Moles, Department of Political Science, Central European University, Budapest, Hungary
Peter Vallentyne, Department of Philosophy, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, USA
The problem of justice occupies a special place in contemporary political philosophy. In the words of its most influential figure, Rawls, "justice is the first virtue of social institutions". That view seems to be shared by a majority of authors and theories.
However, there is no comparable agreement regarding what justice demands, from whom and to whom. These questions have utmost relevance for political philosophers. However, their importance spill over other disciplines. Given that many choices policy makers make are distributive in nature, it is not surprising that issues of justice appear in many other spheres. In addition to dealing with purely theoretical issues, the course will revise some contexts which raise important questions about justice: education, health care, environmental issues, taxation.
These questions have utmost relevance for political philosophers. However, their importance spill over other disciplines. Given that many choices policy makers make are distributive in nature, it is not surprising that issues of justice appear in many other spheres.
The course will revise some contexts which raise important questions about justice: Most people agree that educational goods are important is shaping one's life prospects. But there is disagreement about how these ought to be distributed: How should educational opportunities be distributed? What is equal opportunity of education? What other competing values there are? Another important good that has enduring effects in people's life is health. Is health a special good, or is it one among others? If a person enjoys less health because of her previous actions should health care be sensitive to this fact? How should empirical data and people's attitudes towards their health enter into decisions about just health care?
Perhaps the most urgent problems we face right now have to do with environmental changes. Two different areas address problems towards the future: we will consider whether there is justice between generations. Egalitarians disagree about whether equality between generations is a value worth seeking. They also disagree about the 'span' of justice? Should people be equal their whole life or at different points of their lives? If we think that we have some moral obligations towards future people, then the urgency of mitigating the adverse effects of climatic change becomes clear. Who should bear the costs of mitigating those effects? What is the value of the environment?
Finally, we touch upon a long lasting controversy. Some people argue that some forms of taxation are unfair because they violate people's right to hold private property. We'll explore some controversies about it and different views that address this objection.
Language of instruction: English
Application deadline: February 15, 2013