This special issue of The Hemingway Review aims to deepen the conversation about Hemingway, Blackness, and Whiteness. Recognizing Hemingway was taught and expected to perform White Supremacy and Privilege, we call on scholars to demonstrate ways to identify and make meaning of racism and anti-racism in Hemingway’s work. What can we learn from Hemingway about the performance of Whiteness and what use is that knowledge? How have Black writers engaged Hemingway, both in his lifetime and later? What questions about Blackness and Whiteness in the United States should we be asking of Hemingway’s public persona, Hemingway’s writing, and our teaching of both?