Change in Motion: Environment, Migration, and Mobilities
Academics, journalists, NGOs, and institutions of global governance increasingly speak of ‘environmental migrants’ and ‘climate refugees.’ But what separates an environmental migrant or climate refugee from another migrant, refugee, or asylum-seeker? If the focus is on the prefix, our primary legal framework for making sense of cross-border migration—the United Nations 1951 Refugee Convention and 1967 Protocol—does not acknowledge the effects of climate change as a legitimate ground for refugee status. In international security discourse, anthropogenic climate change has been conceptualized as a threat multiplier, inextricably entangled with myriad push factors: floods, droughts, resource and border disputes, the spread of disease, increasingly extreme and unpredictable weather. Yet climate change can also be erased from migration narratives; droughts have decimated agriculture in Honduras and El Salvador, but farmers from those countries tend to be identified in the United States as economic migrants. Depending on one’s perspective, climate change is only ever an indirect cause or responsible for nearly all migration.
We therefore invite scholars from across disciplines to share work that explores the multifaceted interdependencies and entanglements between migration and environmental change. How and under what circumstances might climate and migration scholarship be most productively brought to bear on each other? We invite participants to widen the scope of questions commonly posed, knowledges considered, and histories told, and to think at varying temporal, spatial, and causal scales. As such, we aim to challenge the assumptions and power relations often inadvertently or implicitly reproduced in research that reads the intersection of mobility and environmental change only in its most pronounced manifestations: for instance, in the desertification of the Sahel—a region of interest in EU illegal immigration fears—or in rising sea levels in Tuvalu. Moreover, by incorporating a variety of research foci and methods, we aim to shed light on how conceptions of climate, migration, and intersections thereof shift according to our scholarly perspectives: the temporal or geographic scale at which we consider a given crisis or migratory pattern, or whether we examine environmental change on a local, national, hemispheric, or planetary level.
This workshop convenes historians, anthropologists, sociologists, and geographers, as well as media, literary, and legal scholars. Contributors are welcome to explore any periodization that they deem appropriate; geographic area and theoretical approach are also open. We invite contributions that will engage with – but are not limited to – the following areas of inquiry:
- Landscapes and their inhabitants
How and where do we consider the migration of both humans and non-humans? What mobile subjects, histories, and narratives act within and upon certain landscapes? How do we draw distinctions between the built and natural environments in the Anthropocene, a geologic age defined by human impact on the environment?
- Legal frameworks and structures of power
How does climate change necessitate governance on both a hyper-local and international scale? How do laws and treaties such as the Kampala Convention in the African Union or the Temporary Protected Status in the US grant or restrict a voice, visibility and definition to certain relationships between the environment and migration?
- Temporalities of crisis
How is time constructed in response to climate change, which results in both slow violence and sudden catastrophe, degradation, and disaster? What temporal scales are invoked by environmental migration? How are senses of longing, belonging, and permanence expressed and experienced? What of the stories of those who wish to stay or who are left behind?
- Inequalities of representation
How are historically racialized, gendered, and classed distinctions in mobility reproduced in narratives around environmental migration, particularly in the Global North? For instance, despite the US’s history of Dust Bowl migration and displacement by California wildfires, the government-funded resettlement of predominantly Biloxi-Chitimacha-Choctaw communities in southwestern Louisiana was heralded in the press as the first instance of US ‘climate refugees.’ What are the stakes of conceptualizing instances of environmental migration?
- Disrupting causality
Migration itself can cause environmental change. For instance, the forced migration to and within settler colonies was upheld by resource exploitation and resulted in land erosion; migrant labor often undergirds petroleum extraction in the Arabian Gulf; in China and India, rural-to-urban migration has led to drastic increases in air pollution. How can we account for the feedback loop of migration and climate change?
Please upload a brief CV including your name, institutional affiliation, and email contact and a proposal of no more than 300 words by January 15, 2020 to our online portal. The organizers will cover basic expenses for travel and accommodation. Please contact Heike Friedman (firstname.lastname@example.org) if you have any questions regarding the procedure of submitting your information online. For questions regarding the conference, please contact Sarah Earnshaw (email@example.com) or Samantha Fox (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Successful applicants will be notified by the end of January 2020.
In case of acceptance, we will ask you to submit your previously unpublished paper (of about 4,000-5,000 words including references) by April 20, 2020, as we envision engagement with pre-circulated papers and aim to publish selected papers in a peer-reviewed venue.