War and Writing - Narratives, Identities, Nationalisms lecture series

deadline for submissions: 
July 31, 2021
full name / name of organization: 
UNISA (University of South Africa)
contact email: 

Just a quick reminder of this week’s University of South Africa (UNISA) War and Writing - Narratives, Identities, Nationalisms lecture series.


Thursday, 20 May 2021, from 2 - 3pm South African time.



This week we present Oded Haim from Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel with the paper:

 The Punic Army at the Battle of Zama


The Abstract for the paper is below:


At the battle of Zama in 202 BC, the Punic general Hannibal arrayed his infantry in three lines: 1) mercenaries, 2) Libyans and Carthaginians, 3) troops brought from Italy. Polybius called the troops of the first line μισθοφόροι (mercenaries) while the other troops are called by their place of origin. Can this tell us something about the relationship between Carthage and her troops?

I will use the battle of Zama as a starting point to examine the relationship of Carthage with her non-citizen troops. Were these non-citizen troops mercenaries? Or could they be described as something else?.


The lecture will be hosted on Thursday, 20 May 2021, 2 - 3pm South African time as a MSTeams meeting. All are very welcome.


If you are interested in attending please Ctrl + click on this link below or paste in your browser to join.

When you join the meeting, please join with your microphone muted and camera off to begin with.





Should you have any questions or wish to present a paper please contact Dr Julie Pridmore at pridmjt@unisa.ac.za

Seminar Convenor and Programme Director: Narratives, Identities, Nationalisms, UNISA