ALLEGORIES OF IMPERIALISM: BARBARIANS AND WORLD CULTURES
Inverting imperialist rhetoric, Oswald de Andrade's Manifesto Antropófago (1929) used metaphors of primitivism and cannibalism in his assertion of Brazil's identity versus European postcolonial cultural domination. In 1955, Aimé Césaire's Discourse on Colonialism implicated Europe and labelled the colonizers as 'barbaric' and 'morally diseased' for their colonial treatment. By equating racism, barbarism and colonialism, Césaire claimed colonization to be a form of dehumanization, and argued that the German Nazi Party's persecution of Jews during World War II was part of "colonialist procedures applied to Europe" itself (Césaire 2000: 36) Waiting for the Barbarians, the novel published in 1980 by 2003 Nobel Prize J. M. Coetzee, discussed the topic from a fictional perspective. Imperial rhetoric confronted prosperity and justice, equivalent to civilization, with the mercilessness, disorder and brutality of barbarians. The term 'furor barbaricus' indicated the uncivilized and untamed nature of populations such as Scythians, Celts, Germans, Vikings, Huns and other tribes beyond the Greco-Roman Empire.
This thematic issue of Cultura explores the rhetoric of imperialism and barbarism, its hierarchies of knowledge, such as colonizer/colonized, Eastern/Western, North/South, civilized/primitive, scientific/superstitious, developed/underdeveloped. Contributions are invited on related topics such as ethnicity, minorities, multiculturalism, tolerance, xenophobia, and the varieties of detachment and belonging that emerge as peoples and cultures interact at local and global levels (see, for instance, Said "Secular Interpretation, the Geographical Element, and the Methodology of Imperialism" 1994, 21-39)
The volume seeks to engage discussions across disciplines and world regions on the effects and experience of empire, establishing a dialogue between metropolitan cultural practices and non-metropolitan locations, and including debates on critical internationalism and the so-called 'new cosmopolitanism' (Appiah 2006; Robbins 2012), that explores the conflict between loyalty to the good of humanity as a whole and loyalty to the interest of individual nations. Papers should also refer to allegorical interpretations, 'migrant metaphors' (Boehmer 1995) and unstranslatables (Lawrence Venuti, Emily Apter, Wang Ning) used in fictional and non-fictional world literature (D'Haen, Damrosch, Kadir; S'Haen, Domiguez, Rosendahl Thomsen), as well as other 'barbarisms' employed in artistic forms to confront empire. Please send full papers before Oct 1, 2014.