NeMLA session: "MEMSAHIB RE-DEFINED" [Deadline: Sept 30, 2014]

full name / name of organization: 
Dr. Susmita Roye, Delaware State University, USA
contact email: 


Memsahib – the term literally means "Sahib's wife" or the "lady mistress" – is usually associated with white women in British India. For this reason, despite the fact that the term continues to be used today in independent India, its use cannot be divorced from its colonial conception because, more often than not, especially in the academic scholarship, the term's association with British colonialism in India is analyzed. Examining the image of memsahibs and the nexus between gender and imperialism in India has garnered considerable scholarly attention (e.g. Claire Midgley, Indrani Sen and Margaret Strobel, among others).

However, in postcolonial India, the term lives on, usually referring to women from an affluent background. The term is no longer exclusively associated with white-skinned women. This transformation complicates the dialectical relationship among race, gender, colonial heritage and postcolonial identity-formation. Therefore, we may safely infer that the power play and politics of nuances associated with the term is far more complex than the mere literal meaning of "Sahib's wife" or "mistress".

Hence, we propose this session to be able to delve deeper into understanding and re-defining this term.

Scholarly papers are invited for this session. Topics may include, but are not limited to:

* Origins and etymological meaning of the term
* Evolution of the meaning of the term (the different meanings that it has taken on over the ages, both in colonial and postcolonial times)
* Race, class, skin-color politics (for instance, in colonial India, even the lower-class white women are called 'mem' by virtue of their skin color)
* Colonial and postcolonial connotation
* Exploring the postcolonial undertones and implications of the term
* Depiction of the memsahib figure in literature, social media, films, folklore, etc.
* Contempt towards the 'brown memsahib' in Raj days
* Memsahib vs. ideal Indian womanhood
* Negative associations with the term in today's India
* The diminished regard for the mem-figure in modern-day India (for instance, the rape cases of foreign women in India these days, as well as the role of representation of such issues in journalism and media)
* Depiction in Bollywood films
* Echoes of the term in daily life and laymen usage in modern-day India (for instance, a female snob is often dubbed a mem)
* The 'mem-effect' in preference for fair-skinned appearance of actresses in movies or in the general obsession for fairness in India

The chairs of this proposed session are Drs. Susmita Roye and Suha Kudsieh. Please send 500-word abstract of your planned presentation by September 30, 2014.

In order to submit your abstract, please visit:

The session is being proposed for the 46th Annual Northeast Modern Language Association (NeMLA) Convention at Toronto, Ontario (Canada). The dates are April 30-May 3, 2015, and the convention will be hosted by Ryerson University. For more information, visit or email For information about Toronto, visit or